How should mold be cleaned up and eliminated?

Mold clean up procedures are somewhat dependent upon the extent of the problem and the type of surface that has been contaminated. Large areas of mold in a building may require the services of a professional contractor skilled in mold removal and remediation. Hard surfaces, such as walls, that harbor mold may be scrubbed with detergent and water, and these should be dried completely. Porous or absorbent materials (such as cloth, ceiling tiles, carpets, etc.) may have to be discarded if they become moldy. In some cases, a dilute solution of chlorine bleach (no stronger than 1 cup of bleach in 1 gallon of water) or stronger commercial cleaners may be needed to kill and remove the mold.
Be sure to discuss any health problem with a health care professional prior to attempting to remove and clean mold if you have an allergy or are sensitive to molds. When washing with soap and water, rubber gloves are recommended, but for bleach and harsher cleaning agents, nonporous gloves (for example, natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile, polyurethane, or PVC) should be worn along with protective eyewear. Wearing an N-95 respirator (available at many hardware stores) can further limit exposure to airborne mold or spores when cleaning. Avoid touching moldy surfaces with bare hands.
After mold removal, it is important to prevent further regrowth of mold by keeping affected areas as dry as possible.

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